Under-exercising your Dog | The German Shepherd
Under-exercising your dog, like over-exercising him or her, can have serious consequences. Your German Shepherd Dog is genetically bred to be a work dog – to be active and on-the-go, and by depriving your German Shepherd Dog of the chance to make the most of these natural instincts you are essentially “cooping up” an animal that longs more than everything to be free. While you don't necessarily have to provide your adult German Shepherd with the 10+ miles a day that a “working” shepherd would accrue on a farm, not giving your dog enough exercise could lead to serious mental health and behavioral issues, alongside physical consequences.
The dog's muscles could atrophy, and the dog could fall into a deep melancholy or depression, becoming lethargic and ill-tempered. Some dogs react in the opposite way, becoming destructive and channeling their pent-up energy into wreaking havoc indoors. Do not necessarily blame your dog for this – if your dog is being destructive around the house, it could be a sign that he or she needs more exercise or outdoor time.